Facial cuts and bruises have a number of common causes, such as: sports, falls, blows or strikes to the face by an object, assault, shaving, bleeding disorders, and aging. Bruises and small cuts that stop bleeding on their own can be treated at home. If the bleeding continues or if the bruise is extremely tender, painful, and discolored, you should visit a health provider.
Cuts to the face can range from minor scrapes to deep cuts that could be life threatening. It is important to try to stop any bleeding that may be occurring from a cut to the face. Immediately contact a medical professional if a facial cut will not stop bleeding, is deep, or there is anything imbedded in it. If cuts are not kept clean, they can become infected and cause further complications. Many facial cuts can result in cosmetic damages. Stitches and other treatments prevent the facial cut from unsightly, extensive scarring.
Bruising is a result of blood that is deep under the skin rising to the surface. This is usually caused by trauma to blood cells or vessels. The blood then pools at the surface of the skin leaving a visible blue or red area. This discoloration will usually disappear after time. As the bruise heals it can turn yellow and green. One of the most common bruises on the face is a black eye.
Some bruises may heal by themselves, but sometimes it is important to contact a medical professional if:
- • There is a change in vision
- • Head trauma is suspected
- • A broken bone is suspected
- • The area is painful and swollen
- • The bruise appears for no reason
- • The bruise does not begin to heal in 2-3 days or if it lingers for more than a few weeks